The description and scope of this project was amended on 27 April 2023 to reflect stakeholder feedback.

The language used in public discourse about gender is contextual and evolving. In the context of health, the terms gender incongruence and gender dysphoria are widely referenced and are used here. Gender incongruence can be defined as a difference in an individual’s sex registered at birth and their gender identity. Gender dysphoria can occur when gender incongruence is associated with distress. The visibility of people with gender incongruence and gender dysphoria is increasing in the UK. This is accompanied by an increase in demand for specialist health services that address the specific health needs of this community.

This POSTnote will explore the social, psychological, historical and biological factors that may account for this increase in visibility across the lifespan, with reference to limitations and uncertainties in the evidence. It will look at the impact these changes may have on current and future health service provision and policy.

Work on this briefing will commence in April 2023.

Photo by deberarr on Adobe Stock

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