This POSTnote will provide an overview of online advertising technologies and how they work. It will consider the importance of this industry for the UK, and the challenges that online advertising technologies present for market competition and consumer protection. It will also look at potential technical mitigations that might help to address these issues.
The number of children referred for medical care for issues relating to gender identity and dysphoria has increased rapidly in recent years, particularly among teenage girls. There are different interpretations and views in clinical practice as to how the evidence on using hormone treatments during puberty should be reflected in care, with concerns relating to safety and long-term effects, the affirmative approach to diagnosis for gender identity issues, and patient capacity and autonomy. This POSTnote will summarise the latest research on the impacts of hormone treatments, with a focus on clinical outcomes, and highlighting uncertainties in the evidence base.
Work on this briefing will commence in November 2022.
This POSTnote will summarise the current electricity trading arrangements, their shortcomings with respect to the net zero transition, and the options for reform being proposed.
This POSTnote will consider the sustainability of biomass crop feedstocks grown in the UK, and the land use and other challenges that may arise.