• POSTnote

    Rising Sea Levels

    Sea level rise increases the frequency and severity of coastal flooding and rates of coastal erosion. Sea level rise will continue far beyond the 21st century, even if global temperature increase is limited to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This POSTnote sets out the causes and likely future levels of sea level rise and its implications. It updates POSTnote 363 on Sea Level Rise, published in September 2010.

  • POSTnote

    Cyber Security of UK Infrastructure

    The Government has identified ‘cyber’ as one of six Tier 1 threats to UK national security. This POSTnote focuses on the cyber security of the UK’s critical national infrastructure, describing measures to improve cyber security and challenges in implementing them. It also reviews the new National Cyber Security Strategy, along with international policy and legislation.

  • POSTnote

    Quantum Technologies

    Quantum Technologies use the behaviour of matter and light that is normally only observed at very small scales. This POSTnote introduces recent advances, applications, and UK initiatives to support their development and commercialisation. It also reviews policy concerns such as privacy, access to new technologies and secure communications.

  • POSTnote

    Global warming

    This POSTnote summarises current knowledge on global warming, and examines some remaining uncertainties which are relevant to decision-makers. POSTnote 16. POST. 1990. https://doi.org/10.58248/PN016

  • POSTnote

    Drinking water quality

    This POSTnote describes the basis of current standards and highlights some of the issues relating to the provision of safe drinking water. POSTnote 8. POST. 1990. https://doi.org/10.58248/PN008

  • POSTnote

    Decommissioning nuclear power stations

    This POSTnote summarises the technology involved in decommissioning nuclear power stations and addresses related issues of potential interest to Parliamentarians. POSTnote 5. POST. 1989. https://doi.org/10.58248/PN005

  • POSTnote

    Greenhouse Gas Removal

    The 2015 Paris Agreement called for a balance between sources of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and their removal by 2100 to halt global temperature rise. This POSTnote explains why Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) techniques may be required to achieve this goal, outlines the benefits of and concerns about them, and considers policy options.

  • POSTnote

    Reform of Freshwater Abstraction

    In some parts of the UK, high levels of water abstraction are reducing the quantity and quality of surface water (rivers, lakes) and groundwater (water accumulated in spaces in soil and rocks). This POSTnote sets out the challenge of balancing competing requirements for freshwater, and summarises proposed reforms to the abstraction system in England and Wales and their implications

  • POSTnote

    The Water-Energy-Food Nexus

    The term nexus describes the key interactions between parts of a system or systems. This POSTnote summarises current understanding of the interactions between water, energy and food production and examines how nexus approaches can be used to inform policy decisions.

  • POSTnote

    Natural Capital: An Overview

    The benefits derived from natural resources include food, recreation and clean air and water. The aim of valuing these resources is to quantify better the cost of their degradation. This POSTnote summarises how to value natural capital, discusses the advantages and challenges of approaches and describes some initiatives to secure natural capital for the future.